95 engine hp*

The 5M Series Utility Tractors offered by John Deere deliver the power, capacity, and performance to meet customer demands. With three models to choose from, ranging from 75 engine hp* to 105 engine hp***, there is ample opportunity to match the tractor to the implement for getting tough jobs done quickly. The 5M Series also offers reliable transmission choices, ensuring customers can operate their tractor at the right speeds for their applications.

Available in either an open-station or cab configuration, the 5M Series Utility Tractors are designed and built to be more comfortable and easier for even inexperienced operators to use.

Built in Augusta, Georgia, the 5095M continues the tradition of excellence in utility tractors by incorporating deluxe features into base equipment such as 16/16 PowrReverser™ transmissions, electrohydraulically engaged 4WD front axles, wet traction and PTO clutches for longer life, economy PTO for increased fuel savings, deluxe open operator stations for enhanced comfort, high-capacity 3-point hitches, and John Deere PowerTech™ engines for unmatched power for the life of the tractor.

*Engine horsepower per ISO 97/68/EC
**PTO horsepower per SAE
***The 5105M has a 99 engine hp at a rated 2200 engine rpm and a 105 engine hp at a rated 2100 engine rpm.

Functional Areas

5M Series Tractors feature heavy-duty 4WD axles for extra traction in slick conditions and increased drawbar pull.

In addition, the 4WD front axle is equipped with on-the-go-engagement, providing traction with the touch of a finger. An inboard planetary final drive and differential lock is standard on every tractor.

An adjustable 2WD front axle is also available on the 5075M and 5085M.

Heavy-duty two-wheel-drive (2WD) front axles are ready to work

Made of heavy-duty steel for added reliability, the 2WD front axle is adjustable in 2-in. (5 cm) increments to adapt to a wide variety of applications. The front axle provides 10 degrees of axle oscillation allowing the axle to follow uneven terrain for consistent performance and a comfortable ride.  This also reduces the stress and maintenance cost on the axle spindles because loads are consistently spread across the entire axle. A 55-degree turn angle provides excellent maneuverability for big-torque tasks in tight spaces. The steering cylinder is bolted directly to the rear of the front axle so the axle housing protects the steering cylinder from potential punctures created by rough terrain, rocky soil conditions, or thick crop material.

Optional Equipment On: 5085M

Mechanical-front-wheel-drive (MFWD) front axle provides traction on demand

Limited-slip, heavy-duty MFWD front axle with electrohydraulic control provides engage-on-the-go capability. Operators will receive additional traction at the very second it is demanded. An indicator light, located on the instrument panel, informs the operator that the MFWD is engaged.

The limited-slip solution unlocks the true potential of the axle allowing for increased drawbar pull and improved traction, even when one tire is in a slippery condition. This ensures the operator gets the required torque to the ground for the applications demand and frees the tractor to break out of a potential rutty situation, leaving cleaner fields and decreasing the need for pulling chains. The 4WD front axle also reduces wheel slippage with less tractor ballasting for reduced soil compaction, increased fuel economy and longer tire life.

The MFWD centerline design provides excellent maneuverability around the worksite and more crop clearance so producers aren’t driving down their crop or profit. Additional versatility is proven when wheel treads are adjusted and with 6 degrees of caster angle and 55-degree turn angle, which results in a shorter turning radius and plenty of horsepower to turn around in tight places. 10 degrees of axle oscillation follows uneven terrain allowing for consistent performance and comfortable ride.

Axle oscillation also reduces the stress and maintenance cost on the axle spindles because loads are consistently spread across the entire axle. The centerline design also eliminates the need for drive shaft universal joints that require regular maintenance. Three grease points are conveniently located to minimize maintenance time while maximizing front axle performance.

Base Equipment On: 5075M, 5085M, 5095M, 5105M

Fingertip control with electrohydraulic MFWD engagement

Mechanical front-wheel drive (MFWD) switch (SyncShuttle™ Plus transmission)

All 5M Series MFWD models come equipped with an electrohydraulically engaged (EH) MFWD switch. The switch has two settings, on and off.

On (up) – MFWD is engaged at all times at any speed.

Off (down) – MFWD is disengaged.

MFWD can be engaged and disengaged in all ranges and gears during operation and under full load. When engaged, a symbol will illuminate in the dash.

MFWD switch (PowrReverser™ transmission and PowrReverser Plus)

5M Series models equipped with a PowrReverser transmission, have the same EH MFWD control.  However, the switch also includes two other options.

Auto (up) – MFWD automatically disengages when either brake pedal is pressed or if speeds exceed 8.6 mph (14 km/h).  This allows a tighter turning radius and protects the front axle if the recommended speed is exceeded.

On (middle) – MFWD is engaged at all times at any speed.

Brake assist (down) – MFWD engages when both brake pedals are depressed. This feature allows the operator to have more control over the tractor and implement if equipped when braking during transport and other higher speed applications.

When transporting, use the Auto or Brake Assist settings. Do not use full-time ON mode because damage can occur.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Differential lock for better traction

Operators can confidently go into wet and muddy conditions with greater expectation of getting out with the standard differential lock.  Differential lock allows power to be applied equally to both rear wheels for better traction when wheel slip occurs.

The EH foot-pedal engagement is located between the clutch and brake pedals for convenient operation.  To engage the differential lock, simply depress the foot pedal. To disengage the lock, remove your foot from the pedal and the lock automatically disengages when traction equalizes.

Base Equipment On: 5085M, 5095M, 5105M

Inboard planetary final drives reduce stress on gears and shafts

Inboard planetary final drives distribute rear axle loads over three points for reduced stress on individual gears and shafts. Operators can expect longer life with less service, which means maintenance time is replaced with profitable production time. Inboard design also permits a wide range of wheel tread adjustments so operators can accomplish more with just one tractor by having the ability to custom set tire treads to meet the specific demands of a variety of tasks.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Wheelbase provides a nimble tractor

Wheelbase, weight, and rockshaft lift capacity are matched to give these tractors a balanced design. This provides a nimble tractor with a high horsepower-to-weight ratio, ideally suited for a variety of utility-type jobs requiring superior maneuverability. The 5M Series provides the operator with increased weight for more stability when operating on hillsides. The front weights are identical to the weights used on higher-horsepower John Deere tractors allowing operators to save cash by spreading the weight out across their entire tractor lineup.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series


The 5M Series offers full lighting equipment on each operator station, providing field and road performance that is suitable for most any need. A selection of additional lighting is available for cab models to further enhance nighttime visibility.

See clearly night and day with fixed open operator station tractors (5075M only)

Standard lighting on fixed open operator station tractors includes:

  • Two halogen headlights
  • Two forward and two rear rollover protective structure (ROPS)-mounted turn signal/warning lights
  • Two ROPS-mounted rear taillights
  • One ROPS-mounted rear work light

See attachments for optional lighting equipment, which includes loader-mounted work lights.

Productivity at any hour with lighting equipment on the deluxe open-operator-station platform tractor

Standard lighting on deluxe open operator station (DOOS) tractors includes:

  • Two halogen headlights
  • Two forward and two rear ROPS-mounted turn signal/warning lights
  • Two fender-mounted rear taillights
  • Two fender-mounted front work lights
  • One ROPS-mounted rear work light

See attachments for optional lighting equipment, loader-mounted work lights.

Work into the night with full lighting equipment on cab tractors

See clearly night and day with the lighting package on cab tractors. Standard lighting includes:

  • Two halogen headlights
  • Two forward and two rear roof-mounted, adjustable halogen work lights
  • Two forward and two rear roof-mounted amber turn signal/flashing warning lights
  • Three-position (on/off/auto) interior light
  • Rotating beacon light
 See attachments for optional lighting equipment, which includes auxiliary work lights and loader-mounted work lights.

Optional Equipment On: 5M Series

John Deere 5M Series Tractors offer dependable performance with high-torque, low-emission diesel engines for high performance in the toughest conditions. These 75, 85, 95, and 105 engine horsepower* engines offer key solutions designed to create outstanding performance, durability, and the best operating experience.

All models use John Deere designed and manufactured turbocharged diesel PowerTech™ engines. The 5085M, 5095M and 5105M have a 4-cylinder John Deere Powertech™ 4045 engine. The 5075M has a 5-cylinder John Deere PowerTech 5030 engine.

*97/68/EC engine hp. 5105M is 99 engine hp at rated 2200 engine rpm and 105 engine hp at 2100 engine rpm.

John Deere PowerTech™ 4-cylinder diesel engines create outstanding performance, durability, and the best operating experience

Outstanding performance and durability

John Deere-designed and -manufactured diesel engines provide excellent torque, fuel efficiency, and durability.

High-pressure common-rail and engine control unit (5105M only)

The high-pressure common rail (HPCR) and engine control unit (ECU) fuel system provides variable common-rail pressure, multiple injections, and higher injection pressures, up to 1600 bar (23,000 psi). It also controls fuel injection timing and provides precise control for the start, duration, and end of injection.

The HPCR fuel system and ECU allow for multiple fuel injections. The number of fuel injections, based on speed and load, help contribute to lower combustion temperatures and lower noise levels.

The electronic engine controls of the 4.5 PowerTech E engine monitor critical engine functions providing warning and/or shutdown to prevent costly engine repairs. Snapshot diagnostic data can be retrieved using commonly available diagnostic service tools.

NOTE: The 5085M and 5095M Tier 3 models have a PowerTech M engine (mechanical fuel system).

Turbocharged, air-to-air aftercooled

Turbocharged engines supply more air to the combustion chamber since the air is pre-compressed. The increased amount of air allows a corresponding increase in fuel injection which results in greater engine performance.

Air-to-air aftercooling is the most efficient method of cooling intake air to help reduce engine emissions while maintaining low-speed torque, transient response time, and peak torque. Air-to-air aftercoolers allow engines to meet emissions regulations with better fuel economy.

Heavy-duty cylinder block

The heavy-duty cylinder block provides greater strength and rigidity, which is what allows these tractors to perform in ditches, ravines, and other less-than-ideal conditions.

Balanced crankshaft

Statically- and dynamically-balanced crankshaft reduces engine vibration.  The operator’s body absorbs less vibration allowing them to stay attentive and consistent throughout the work day.

Cast-aluminum pistons

High-ring piston design reduces the non-usable air in the combustion area of the cylinders for improved fuel efficiency and combustion so operators receive the most power from every engine stroke.  Ni-resist inserts reduce ring groove wear, which would lead to less effective combustion, so operators have an engine that is proactive for performance.

Tee-pee connecting rods and keystone-shaped top rings

Tee-pee connecting rods provide increased strength and durability of both the connecting rod and the pistons, which allows operators to run in a wide array of conditions.

Keystone-shaped top rings move slightly in the groove to clean the carbon deposits, conditioning the tractor to remain ready to work.  Plasma-coated for reduced drag on cylinder wall and increasing overall tractor life.

Wet-type cylinder liners

Cylinder liners dissipate heat to prevent cylinder distortion and rapid ring wear, allowing operators to see consistent performance.  Certified John Deere technicians can easily restore engine to the original specifications after many hours of hard operation.  This extends the years of performance. The wet-type cylinder liners are not available on the 5075M 5-cylinder engine.

Full-pressure lubrication system

Full-pressure lubrication system ultimately protects your wallet from maintenance costs.  The underside of each piston and piston pin is sprayed with cooled and filtered oil, which eliminates excessive heat for longer life. The full-flow filter allows the cleanest fuel to be delivered to the engine for maximum performance and filter bypass so the tractor will never be starved for oil due to an exhausted filter.

 Engine oil cooler

Engine oil cooler provides additional engine oil cooling, allowing operators to run in severe applications, reducing the likelihood that the engine will overheat.

 Operate safely with the neutral start switch and electric fuel shutoff

A neutral start switch ensures operator and bystander safety, the right-hand gear shift lever must be in the park or neutral position for the engine to start.

Electric fuel shutoff allows the operator to easily turn the tractor off with the key, just like an automobile. A solenoid on the injection pump permits using a key instead of a push-pull cable to shut off the engine. The electric fuel shutoff does not allow bypass starting.  If an attempt is made to bypass start the tractor, through the use of electronics, the electric fuel shutoff will not allow the engine to start.

 Dry-type air cleaner

A dry-type air cleaner has a dual-element design for added engine protection against dust or debris from entering the combustion chamber, ensuring performance time opposed to shop time.  Reaching the filter for service is easy, the operator simply unlatches three clips.  A restriction indicator light on the dash alerts the operator when servicing is required to save potential engine repairs.

 Single-element fuel filter

A single-element fuel filter partners up with the hand primer and water sediment bowl to deliver the complete package.  John Deere designed specifically to meet the needs of John Deere tractors, the fuel filter provides a hand primer to prime the system for an easy fix for any operator who gets busy working and forgets to fuel up.  The water separator stores water separated from the fuel to protect from the cost of replacing the fuel injection pump due to water contamination.

Automotive-style poly-V fan drive belt

The automotive-style fan drive belt drives the fan, water pump, and alternator.  The belt features a self-adjusting spring tensioner, which eliminates service tasks, the need for a wrench, and extends the life of the belt because it is always in the correct adjustment.

 Approved fuel

The use of biodiesel fuel up to 20% (B20) concentration is approved. Biodiesel fuel needs to meet ASTM PS 121 or DIN 51606 specifications.  A local fuel supplier can provide specifications.

PowerTech™ diesel engine high level specs

Owners of 5M Series Tractors can claim bragging rights to operating the most dependable engine on the market with John Deere’s extensive track record for building high-performance engines. All  four models use John Deere-designed and -manufactured diesel engines which provide excellent torque, fuel efficiency, and durability. These turbocharged engines comply with Tier 2 or Tier 3 emission standards.




Engine displacement

Rated engine hp (ISO), 97/68/EC
at 2200 rpm

Rated engine hp (ISO), 97/68/EC
at 2100 rpm

PTO hp at 2100 rpm





3.0 L







4.5 L







4.5 L







4.5 L






Note: the 5075M model is not available to the AU/NZ market.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Vertical exhaust

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Understanding engines

The engine is one of the most important factors to consider when looking for a tractor. The engine determines how much work the machine can actually do since the engine provides power to the other systems of the tractor.

How is engine power measured?
John Deere engineering uses a precise procedure to measure engine-only power levels.  The 97/68 EC standard is required in the European Union (EU) as an emission test, so there is some relation to the power a tractor has as a whole functioning unit. However, the procedure requires only that a production engine and radiator are used on a dynamometer test. This 97/68 EC standard is widely used in Europe for various regulations.

Do all equipment manufacturers use the 97/68 EC standards?
No. There are several ratings systems that may be used by other brands.

Do all ratings systems get the same horsepower results?
No. There are many different results depending on the ratings system used and the procedure requirements. It is important to know the standards used for the measurement when comparing horsepower values.

Does the updated numbering system reflect the engine or power take-off (PTO) horsepower?
The updated name and numbering scheme reflects the approximate engine horsepower as measured by the 97/68 EC (international organization for standardization [ISO]) standards.

Engine horsepower

What is horsepower (hp)? Officially horsepower is a unit of measure that is nearly equivalent to the amount of energy required to lift 550 pounds, one foot, in one second. There are several different types of hp including: engine, power take-off (PTO), and drawbar.

Engine horsepower is typically reported in tractor specifications. But even among the engine hp numbers there are differences depending on where horsepower is measured and how it is measured. Across manufacturers, there are several different types of engine horsepower reported and different standards being used for measuring horsepower.

Agricultural equipment manufacturers typically report horsepower as either 97/68 EC or society of automotive engineers (SAE). These two measurements take different items into account when measuring horsepower. Both are widely used across the industry but have different requirements for what equipment needs to be installed and running during the testing procedures.

The 97/68 EC standard requires that only the engine and radiator are used for the test. The engine is tested prior to being installed in a tractor.

The SAE standard for gross engine hp requires that just the engine be tested. The engine is tested prior to being installed in a tractor.

In addition, there are different types of engine hp that could be reported. Typically, manufacturers report one of these two types of engine horsepower:

  1. Gross hp – This is just engine hp. It does not take into account accessories or transmission losses.
  2. Net hp – This is engine hp including losses for some accessories, but not the transmission.


There is a relationship between torque, hp, and engine rpm.

Torque = (hp x 5252) / rpm

Can a car with 101 hp do the same amount of work as a tractor with 101 hp? No. The big difference between the two is torque. Cars run at nearly twice the rpm of a tractor.

Getting the power to the ground refers to torque. Torque is a force that produces or tends to produce rotation or torsion or a twisting force. Simply put, torque is the useable power that can be achieved. The more torque you have, the more lugging ability is available. And more torque equates to more load carrying capacity.

Tractor A
Engine hp: 95 hp
Engine rated speed: 2200 rpm

Torque = (95*5252)/2200
Torque =  226.8 lb-ft (307.5 Nm)

Tractor B
Engine hp: 95 hp
Engine rated speed: 2600 rpm

Torque = (95*5252)/2600
Torque = 191.9 lb-ft (260.2 Nm)

Tractor A has more torque, more lugging ability, and more load carrying capacity.

Engine serviceability

Ease of access for daily service points for the engine should be considered when comparing engines. The engine oil check should be easy to access from the ground. Some manufacturers allow access to the engine oil dipstick without opening the tractor’s hood.

While most manufacturers have warning lights and/or audible signals for engine problems, it is still important to ensure that you know what the warning lights mean. Typically a description of the warning lights can be found in the tractor’s operator’s manual.

For long term owners or those seeking higher re-sale values on older machinery, a wet-sleeved engine may be beneficial. Engine cylinders can have wet-sleeves encasing the cylinders, providing easier long-term maintenance for that engine. A wet-sleeve cylinder liner can be completely removed and replaced if a cylinder replacement is necessary. A parent bore engine would require the technician to bore out a larger space for the new cylinder or in some cases replacing the entire engine block, resulting in a higher cost for repair when compared to a wet-sleeve engine.

Turbocharged or naturally aspirated engines

There are two advantages to a turbocharged engine over a naturally aspirated engine:

  1. Turbocharged engines create more power
  2. Turbocharged engines provide more consistent performance regardless of air density or altitudes. A turbocharged engine brings more air into the engine and creates more power for the same engine displacement.

Simply put, a turbocharged engine can create more power than a similar sized naturally aspirated engine.

Is the engine structural?

In compact utility tractors and utility tractors, the engine is often structural. This means the engine block serves as the tractor frame, and there is no additional frame. This design requires a robust engine block that can withstand the stress of the various activities the tractor is required to do. In general, larger tractors in more demanding tasks have full or partial frame designs for increased durability.

Engine displacement and cylinders

Engine displacement is the volume covered by all the pistons on the inside of the cylinders. A smaller displacement engine can provide the same horsepower as a larger displacement engine. This is done by increasing the engine rpm to create the power or by adding a turbocharger.

A higher engine-rated rpm results in more engine wear because the engine turns more times per second to do the same amount of work as a lower-speed engine. Typically larger displacement engines require lower rpm to get the power.

The horsepower-to-liter ratio is a good tool to use when comparing two engines. The higher the horsepower-to-liter ratio, the harder the engine is working.

Tractor A
Engine hp: 95 hp
Engine displacement: 4.5 L
Engine rated speed: 2200 rpm

95/4.5 = 21.1

Tractor B
Engine hp: 95 hp
Engine displacement: 3.77 liters
Engine rated speed: 2600 rpm
95/3.77 = 25.2

Tractor A’s engine is not working as hard as Tractor B’s engine to achieve horsepower.

A Category 2, 3-point hitch is easy to use with a choice of mechanical or electrohydraulic controls. Hooking up implements is simple with the optional telescoping draft links with interchangeable hitch balls.

5M Series Tractors deliver full PTO horsepower when operating an implement, so the operator gets all the power needed for demanding jobs. When jobs do not require the tractor’s full-rated horsepower, the 540/540 Economy PTO can be engaged to save fuel.

An electrohydrauilc PTO is standard with all transmissions and offers push-pull operator engagement to increase the operator’s comfort and convenience.

Hitch, lower link draft sensing

Draft sensing allows the hitch to quickly raise or lower, as needed, to control the load on the engine. It also reduces the need to downshift into a lower gear when operating in a rough spot to eliminate a more complicated operating experience.

The draft response is adjustable using the draft control lever to match the operating conditions and implement being used.

The lower link draft sense utilizes the draft links to instantaneously sensor the load information coming from the implement and delivers it to the hitch control mechanism for fast, smooth, and accurate hitch corrections.

The operator selects the rear hitch load setting by adjusting the draft-sense control knob. Depending on field conditions, it can be changed on the go.

Adapt to a wide variety of implements with a Category 2 3-point hitch

The 5M Series Tractors’ Category 2 3-point hitch adapts to a wide variety of implements.

Flat-bar, non-adjustable lift links are available and best suited for the operator who does not frequently change rear implements. Telescoping draft links with interchangeable hitch balls are a factory-installed option enabling easier implement attachment.

The 3-point hitch has plenty of lift capacity to handle heavy ground-engaging integral implements such as planters, sprayers, and field cultivators. The external cylinders allow a hitch lift capacity of 4793 lb at 24 in. behind the hitch-lift balls.

5115M Tractors come equipped with 5935 lb of lift capacity at 24 in. behind the hitch-lift balls. Any 5M Series Tractor has the option of selecting the larger lift cylinders that offer 5935 lb of lift capacity at 24 in. behind the hitch lift balls through a factory (code 8458) or field-installed heavy-duty hitch kit.

Hitch adjustments can be made quickly and easily with the standard mechanical and optional electrohydraulic 3-point hitch.

The 5M features a sway adjustment that allows for fine-tune adjustments. To adjust the sway bar, pull the pin, position the draft arm, turn the sway adjustment collar until the pin holes align, and replace the pin. This allows easy incremental sway changes for any application.

Hitch adjustments are easy with the mechanical 3-point hitch

Raise and lower implements with precision by using the rockshaft control lever. Adjust the speed at which an implement is lowered by adjusting the rockshaft rate of drop.

The rockshaft control lever also allows lift links to be adjusted for lateral float, so implements with gauge wheels or skids follow the ground contour. That way, operators don’t have to spend time adjusting or readjusting to get the gauge wheels or skids to follow the ground.

An adjustable depth stop provides consistency when lowering the hitch. Each time the position control lever is pushed forward, it stops where the depth stop has been positioned. This is a value to anyone who desires a consistent, level ground, like when preparing a seedbed.

Telescoping sway bars can be easily adjusted to adapt to a wide variety of implements, and the right lift link adjusts without tools for added convenience when leveling implements. Operators do not need to carry a tool to adjust the rear hitch.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Increase profit by maintaining consistency pass by pass with an electrohydraulic 3-point hitch

The electrohydraulic 3-point hitch is ideal for operators requiring consistency and repeatability. With easy-to-use fingertip controls, the operator can precisely set the height and depth limits, raise and lower the hitch, set the rate of drop, and adjust draft sensing.

The electrohydraulic hitch offers all the solutions of the mechanical hitch, but electrohydraulic adjustments and implements can be even more precisely raised and lowered in 1/4-in. (5-mm) increments.

Electrohydraulics hitch controls, located on the right-side console, are easy to reach and easy to use.

The raise/lower switch is located on the left side of the controller. This rocker switch quickly raises and lowers the implement to the set the height and depth.

A depth stop wheel allows the operator to preset the depth. This increases consistency pass by pass and decreases the need to make repeated trips over the same ground.

The hitch lever control allows convenient, precise control of the hitch, especially useful when hooking up implements.

Located under the black cover is the height-limit control knob, which allows the operator to set the raise height. This function is especially useful when using a power take-off (PTO) implement, so as not to bind the PTO shaft when the implement is raised.

The rate-of-drop control knob is also conveniently located under the black cover on the right-side console and sets how fast the rockshaft lowers to the ground.

The draft-sensing knob is to the right of the hitch controls on the right-hand console. This adjustment measures the load sensitivity of the 3-point hitch and allows the hitch to quickly raise or lower to control the load on the engine.

A separate draft-sensing knob on the electrohydraulic hitch eliminates the common mistake of operators using the draft-sensing lever rather than the rockshaft lever to raise and lower the hitch. It also allows draft sensing to be set and left alone during operation.

The remote raise and lower switch comes standard on the left-hand fender. This allows operators to adjust the 3-point hitch while standing at the rear of the tractor, a time-saving feature every user operator will appreciate when hooking up implements.

A right-hand fender remote raise and lower switch can also be added as a field-installed kit on standard tractors.

Optional Equipment On: 5M Series

Standard independent 540-rpm rear power take-off (PTO) performs well in normal or heavy applications

Unlike most competitive tractors of this size, operators receive all the power and torque for which they pay. The 540-rpm PTO speed is achieved while operating the engine at 2100 rpm, so the full advertised horsepower can be delivered in any PTO application.

An easy-to-use push/pull knob engages and disengages the PTO independently of the transmission traction clutch. 5M Tractors come with an electrohydraulic PTO engagement to reduce operator fatigue.

The push/pull knob is conveniently located on the right-hand console. When the PTO is engaged, a light on the instrument panel illuminates.

Adding to operator safety, the tractor does not start with the PTO lever engaged. An alarm sounds if the operator attempts to leave the seat with the PTO engaged, and the PTO shaft is protected by a hinged shield.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Quick-coupler hitch, Category 2

The quick-coupler hitch allows quick, no-hassle hookups to many integral implements such as box blades, rear blades, rotary tillers, and rotary cutters. The hitch is constructed of tubular and box-welded steel, and the bushings and hooks are heat-treated to prevent cracking for long wear life.

Hardened, zinc-plated steel alloy pins take the shock of heavy loads and withstand exposure to the elements.

Hitch locking handles rotate 100 degrees to open the locking lugs for easy implement release.

Understanding economy power take-off (PTO)

What is economy PTO?

Economy PTO is a feature that allows the operator to run the PTO at 540 rpm but at a lower engine rpm than the standard PTO rated speed. As a result of this engine rpm reduction, benefits realized to the customer include fuel savings (up to 30 percent reduction), less wear and tear on the engine, reduced vibration, and lower sound levels.

Some manufacturers have advertised economy PTO settings that simply reduce the engine rpm only and do not actually change the speed of the PTO shaft. This not only reduces the engine rpm but also reduces the PTO rpm and causes implements to run at slower speeds. Operating a 540 implement at lower than 540 rpm at the PTO reduces its effectiveness.

How does it work?

On John Deere Tractors, the shiftable 540/540E mode operates a little like shifting gears on the transmission. By engaging 540E mode, the operator changes the gear reduction ratio keeping the PTO spinning at 540 rpm but lessening the engine rpm. When the operator shifts the PTO into the standard 540 mode, a different gear reduction ratio is used to operate the PTO at 540 rpm at the standard PTO rated speed of the engine.

To operate in economy mode, the shiftable 540/540E lever must be in 540E. Then the throttle can be increased to the appropriate rpm. When in 540E, the tractor has a throttle limiter that keeps the operator from increasing engine rpm over the 540E setting. The limiter is used to prevent accidental over-speeding of PTO implements and protection against binding the PTO shaft.

When to use 540 economy mode?

540 economy is ideal for many light duty applications including mowing, baling, or spraying. The 540 economy setting cannot be used with full advertised PTO horsepower. If full PTO horsepower is required, operate the tractor in the standard 540 mode. As a general rule of thumb, try operating in economy PTO first if the implement requires less than full PTO rpm to operate it.  If the tractor experiences further reduction of engine rpm, the load is too heavy and regular 540 PTO mode should be used to complete the task.

Nebraska Tractor Test has information regarding 540 economy PTO fuel consumption values for tractors where this option is available.

Details on the engine rpm for standard 540 and 540 economy mode can be found in the tractor’s operator’s manual.

The open-center hydraulic system provides ample power for all the tractor’s hydraulic needs. A tandem gear pump ensures there is always flow to the steering circuit, so steering is effortless. The high implement flow rate achieves excellent hydraulic performance.

5M Series Tractors can be equipped with three selective control valves (SCVs). With the triple deluxe rear SCV option, selectable detents allow the operator to choose continuous flow, kick-out, or no detent to fit the task.

Open-center, gear-driven hydraulics for consistent performance

Open-center hydraulics

All 5M Series Tractors feature a gear-driven, open-center (constant-flow) hydraulic system with a maximum pressure of 2830 psi (195 bar) (19,500 kPa).

The tractor incorporates a tandem hydraulic pump design. The hydraulic and steering-transmission lubrication systems are functionally separate.

Both systems utilize a common reservoir, resulting in ease of serviceability. Dual, rear selective control valves (SCVs) and dual mid-mount SCVs are in base configuration, with options available for triple deluxe rear SCVs and triple mid-mount hydraulic valves.

Pressure available when needed

Pressure for the entire system is established by the function requiring the highest pressure. As the demand lessens, so does the pump pressure and engine power requirement.

The steering section (additional 6.3 gpm; 28.64 L/min) provides full power when needed for steering.

All functions return to the sump, giving improved system performance and cooling. By returning functions to the sump, the system is simplified and provides faster service and increased uptime.

Remote flow rating


Rated flow

At engine rpm


14.6 gpm (55.26 L/min)



18.4 gpm (69.7 L/min)


5M hydraulic capacities can meet the needs of demanding tasks

5M Series Tractors feature an open-center hydraulic system plumbed identically on each tractor. The 3-point hitch has priority over all the hydraulic control valves, so an operator can raise an implement at the end of a pass to turn, without having to turn the remote hydraulics off.

The high-flow rate of the 5M Series, combined with the system’s 2828-psi (195 bar) pressure, achieves excellent hydraulic performance and capacity. High loader breakout force is attained, so every drive into the feed pile results in a full bucket.

Fast cycle times result in time saved when operators are moving material; operators won’t have to waste time while the loader bucket dumps. The system supplies plenty of flow for running hydraulic motors, which is one more example of the versatility available with the 5M Series Tractors.

All 5M tractors with a PowrReverser™ transmission come standard with a hydraulic oil cooler to handle increased power train and hydraulic requirements.






Steering pump (gpm; L/min)

6.3; 23.85

6.3; 23.85

6.3; 23.85

6.3; 23.85

Implement pump (gpm; L/min)

14.6; 55.27

18.4; 69.65

18.4; 69.65

18.4; 69.65

Total flow (gpm; L/min)

20.9; 79.12

24.7; 93.5

24.7; 93.5

24.7; 93.5

Maximum pressure—steering (psi; bar)

2030; 140

2030; 140

2030; 140

2030; 140

Maximum pressure—implement (psi; bar)

2828; 195

2828; 195

2828; 195

2828; 195

Note: the 5075M model is not available to the AU/NZ market.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Pump out hydraulic performance to your preference with a choice of selective control valve (SCV) options

5M Series Tractors can be equipped with up to six SCVs

5M Series Tractors can be equipped with up to six economical and versatile spool-type selective control valves (SCVs). A maximum of three rear SCVs can be field or factory installed to add versatility to the 5M Series Utility Tractors.

Color-coded SCVs

All rear SCVs are lever controlled, and couplers are equipped with flip-up dust covers to prevent dirt and debris from entering the hydraulic system. This ensures the most reliable performance, enabling operators to get their work done.

Rear SCVs are color coded. For easy identification, there is a colored band on the SCV lever that corresponds to the color of the flip-up cover on the rear SCV.

Deluxe triple-rear SCVs

Triple deluxe, lever-controlled rear hydraulics are available as factory or field installed, and are designed to help operators run more efficiently. From running a hydraulic hay rake to a rotary cutter to a disk, operators appreciate the easier way to operate hydraulic implements.

The triple deluxe valve provides additional solutions to meet operator hydraulic needs and expands the array of implements that can be utilized.

The SCVs are non-stackable, mono block valves. Each SCV features a detented float position, and couplers are equipped with a flip-up dust cover to prevent dirt and debris from entering the hydraulic system.

The first valve is equipped with flow control, allowing operators to run a hydraulic motor. Each SCV has a float position as well as a knob with three selectable detents: no detent, continuous flow, and auto-kick out.

A knob on each valve provides three selectable detents to create an easy operating experience in every task; even the novice operator can be productive.

The most familiar detent is the no-detent selection (A), which functions identically to the single and dual valves. The cylinder responds as the operator pulls or pushes the lever to retract or extend the cylinder. An example of where this may be used is when a loader is hooked up to the rear hydraulics or when using a box blade with top and tilt.

The second detent is continuous flow (B), which is ideal for running hydraulic motors. This is on each valve; however, the first valve provides the best performance with flow control by decreasing the amount of heat generated by the application. An example of where this detent may be used is with a hydraulic hay rake or planter.

The third setting is auto-kick out (C). The cylinder completes a stroke and then kicks out, so an operator does not have to provide pressure on the control. This is useful in applications when the hydraulic implement is frequently raised and lowered during operation. An example of where this may be used is with a disk or rotary cutter.

The fourth symbol appearing on the knob is an opened book (D). This is to remind operators to refer to their operator’s manual for proper operation and assistance when help is needed.

Dual-rear SCVs

Dual-rear SCVs are available as a factory- or field-installed kit for added versatility.

Couple and uncouple the SCVs with ease

Operators can couple and uncouple under pressure with the International Standards Organization (ISO) push-pull couplers, which reduce the muscle required to switch implements.

This allows the operator to effortlessly couple and uncouple hydraulic hoses from one implement to another. The oil collection system can also be added as a field-installed kit to capture residual oil from hooking and unhooking the rear SCVs.

The SCV and rockshaft valve can be adapted to provide live hydraulic power, power beyond, to implements with an independent control valve.

Optional Equipment On: 5M Series

Power beyond coupler kit

This kit offers continuous hydraulic flow to be used with implements that already have a flow control device. The power beyond coupler kit is required for backhoe installation.

Comfort comes standard with the 5M Series Tractors; customers get the ultimate in operator comfort and control.

Three operator stations are available to suit the operator’s needs and the application. The deluxe open operator station (DOOS) is isolated, so noise and vibration are reduced. For total comfort and control when working, a roomy cab is available.

Save time when servicing the 5M Series Tractors

Ease of maintenance ensures the operator will perform routine maintenance at required service intervals, so the 5M Series Tractor is always ready to work.

The one-piece hood provides easy access to service points under the hood. There are no screens to remove and lose, and no tools are needed. The front-mounted battery is under the hood and accessible on all platforms.

All models have automotive-type fuses and an air-restriction indicator light alerts the operator when air cleaner servicing is needed. A 300-hour engine oil and filter change interval saves the owner time and money, the interval extends to 450 hours with Torq-Gard Supreme™ Plus-50™ engine oil.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

5M Series Tractors offer hydrostatic power steering to ensure smooth and steady turns. In addition, the wet-disk brakes provide a sure stop.

Wet-disk brakes provide durability and long life

Operators can expect sure stops when the unexpected happens in the field, on the highway, or at home with hydraulically actuated wet-disk brakes.

Brakes are self-adjusting to eliminate the need for periodic manual adjustments. The brake pedals can be locked together for braking action on both rear wheels when in transport, or they can be unlocked to make tighter turns in the field.

The brakes are oil cooled for maximum performance over the life of the tractor.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Hydrostatic power steering for performance and efficiency

Hydrostatic power steering ensures smooth, steady steering, allowing the operator to focus on the task and not the steering.

Power steering provides optimum performance and efficiency in all operating conditions with minimal effort. It is especially well suited for loader operation; operators can carry a full load and still have the capability to maneuver easily.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

Three transmission choices are available so every operator can find a perfect match for their task.

The 16/16 PowrReverser™ with an electrohydraulic reverser is a good match for performing heavy applications. And when operators need more field speeds, the 32/16 PowrReverser Plus is the best solution.

The 16/16 PowrReverser, and 32/16 PowrReverser Plus transmissions have the 540/540 Economy PTO as standard. All transmissions have wet traction clutches to ensure maximum durability.

16F/16R PowrReverser™ transmission is ideal for demanding applications

The PowrReverser transmission provides 16 forward speeds and 16 reverse speeds. This transmission comes standard with shiftable 540/540 Economy power take-off (PTO), and is ideal for operators using their tractors to perform in demanding applications and who require additional operating speed ranges.

Hydraulic wet forward and reverse clutches maximize durability and outlast the life of any dry clutch. When tractors are run by multiple operators with a variety of experience levels, a wet clutch is the best way to maintain transmission integrity and performance while decreasing clutch replacement costs.

Two platform-mounted levers offer easy and comfortable shifting for a pleasant operator experience. The gear-shift lever is easy to reach and the less-used range lever is now shorter.

Unique knobs make it easy to distinguish between the two. The forward lever selects one of four speeds, all synchronized shifts for on-the-go shifting with the use of the clutch. The rear lever selects collar-shift A, B, C, and D.

Maximum productivity is achieved with hydraulic powershift between forward and reverse and is ideal for loader work and any applications that require frequent directional switches in tight spaces.

Excellent modulation allows the operator to shift the direction lever from neutral to forward or reverse, forward to reverse, reverse to forward, or to neutral from forward or reverse. Operators can accomplish all these directional changes without sacrificing comfort or dealing with the hassle of depressing the clutch pedal. The speed of directional changes can be adjusted to the operator’s preference or application demands with the field-installed infinitely variable control kit.

An electrohydraulic fingertip directional lever control allows the operator to effortlessly switch directions with a small finger motion. The control is located on the left side of the instrument console and selects forward, reverse, and neutral positions. It also allows the operator to steer and shift direction with the left hand, freeing the right hand to operate other tractor controls, such as the loader, rear implements, or hand throttle.

Constant-mesh helical-cut gears provide quieter operation and excellent reliability while the pressure-lubricated top shaft adds to the transmission durability.

Fully enclosed, rigid shift linkages for short throw and crisp shifts enable all operators to clearly know what range and gear in which they are operating.

Positive park pawl on the transmission provides positive park and eliminates the need for a hand brake. This also eliminates clutch service costs that occur when the park brake is accidentally left engaged.

A neutral start switch requires the directional lever be in the neutral position to start the engine.

Optional Equipment On: 5M Series

Ensure results by operating at a pace the application demands with a 32F/16R PowrReverser™ Plus transmission

For operators requiring more field speeds to achieve the most precise operating ranges, as well as for quickly moving from task to task with transport speeds of 24 mph, the 32F/16R PowrReverser Plus transmission is the ideal choice.

Standard solutions provided with the 32F/16R transmission include the electrohydraulic reverser lever, electrohydraulic hitch, 540/540 Economy power take-off (PTO) and engage-on-the-go 4WD.
This transmission has 32 forward and 16 reverse speeds.

Operators can adjust their field speed by 20 percent with the press of the convenient high/low buttons on the gear-shift lever. An indicator light on the instrument panel informs the operator of the transmission status. This allows the operator to speed up in light conditions, like short grass, or slow down in heavier conditions, like tall grass, at the tips of the fingers.

Hydraulic wet forward and reverse clutches provide maximum durability that will well outlast the life of any dry clutch. When tractors are run by multiple operators, with a variety of experience levels, a wet clutch is the best way to maintain transmission integrity and performance while decreasing clutch-replacement costs.

Two, platform-mounted shift levers give the operator an easy, comfortable experience. The gear-shift lever is easy to reach and the less-used range lever is now shorter. Unique knobs make it easy to distinguish between the two. The forward lever selects one of four speeds, all synchronized shifts for on-the-go shifting with use of the clutch. The rear lever selects collar shift A, B, C, and D ranges.

Hydraulic powershift between forward and reverse for maximum productivity is ideal for loader and rear blade applications requiring frequent directional switches in tight spaces. Excellent modulation allows the operator to shift the direction lever from neutral to forward or reverse, forward to reverse, reverse to forward, or forward or reverse to neutral.

Operators accomplish all these directional changes without sacrificing comfort or dealing with the hassle of depressing the clutch pedal. The speed of directional changes can be adjusted to the operators’ preference or applications demand with the field-installed infinitely variable control kit.

Electrohydraulic fingertip directional lever control allows the operator to effortlessly switch directions with a small finger motion. The control is located on the left side of the steering column, with forward, reverse, and neutral positions. This allows the operator to steer and shift direction with the left hand, freeing the right hand to operate other tractor controls such as the loader, rear implements, or hand throttle.

Constant-mesh, helical gears create excellent reliability and maintain a quiet working environment. A pressure-lubricated top shaft adds to the transmission durability.

Fully enclosed, rigid shift linkages for smooth, crisp shifts enable all operators to clearly know the range and gear in which they are operating. Positive park pawl on the transmission provides positive park and eliminates the need for a hand brake.

This also eliminates transmission service costs that occur when the park brake is accidently engaged. A neutral start switch requires the directional lever to be in the neutral position to start the engine.

Optional Equipment On: 5M Series

Economical and durable clutches

Transmission Traction clutch/PTO clutch
16F/16R PowrReverser™—540/540E PTO wet/wet
32F/16R PowrReverser Plus—540/540E PTO wet/wet
32F/16R PowrReverser Plus—540/540E PTO with creeper wet/wet
Wet clutch solutions and operation

A wet clutch is splashed with hydraulic oil, absorbing heat, extending clutch life, and reducing the need to budget for clutch repair costs. This is the clutch of choice when multiple operators, with varying degrees of experience, are using the same tractor, especially in high-hour usage. All 5M Series Tractors feature a durable wet traction clutch.

The PowrReverser transmission features hydraulically actuated clutches that take the place of the dry-type traction clutch. It is not necessary to depress the clutch pedal to move the forward/reverse lever, saving the operators’ energy to focus on the task at hand and eliminating strains on muscles created by performing a repetitive motion.

The PowrReverser has a built-in engagement override valve for additional safety. This valve requires the clutch pedal to be depressed one time after each engine start before the transmission will begin to operate normally, giving the operator another opportunity to put all focus on the tractor.

The electrohydraulic power take-off (PTO), standard on the 5M Series transmissions, also offers the benefits of a wet clutch. The push-button engagement makes it easy to turn on and off, saving the operator energy and maintaining the clutch integrity.

Base Equipment On: 5M Series

A variety of tire offerings are available on 5M Series Tractors to match customers’ needs and applications. Tire offerings include R1 and R3 tread patterns as well as multiple sizes.

Custom four-wheel drive (4WD) front and rear tire information

4WD front tires must be properly matched to the rear tires (zero percent to five percent overrun) to prevent excessive front-tire wear, unnecessary powertrain loads, and overall poor tractor performance.

In order to achieve maximum drawbar pull, maintain proper steering, and reduce tire wear and fuel consumption when custom-fitting 4WD front and rear tires, the following guidelines must be followed:

The transmission front/rear ratio for standard-width 5 Series Tractors is 1.3495. The inverse, used for 4WD matching calculations, equals 0.741. The 0.741 factor determines the front tire with zero percent overrun. A 0.778 factor, 0.741 x 1.05, determines the front tire with five percent overrun.

  1. Determine the rear tire desired.
  2. Obtain the rolling circumference (RC) of that tire from the tire manufacturer’s handbook.
  3. Calculate the RC of the smallest and largest compatible front tire by using the following formula:
    • RC (rear tire) x 0.741 = RC (front tire – smallest)
    • RC (rear tire) x 0.778 = RC (front tire – largest)
  4. Choose a satisfactory matching front tire by scanning the RC column of a tire manufacturer’s handbook. A tire is a satisfactory match if the RC falls between the smallest and largest RCs determined above.
  5. .

Set tread-adjustable front axle

Front rims are offset. With some tires, this provides two tread spacings at each axle setting.

Tread settings are measured at the middle of the tires at axle height.

Adjustable front-axle tread settings
Diagram C
centerline to centerline
Tread position*
Tire 1 2 3 4 5 6
1463 mm
(57.6 in.)
1563 mm
(61.5 in.)
1663 mm
(65.5 in.)
1763 mm
(69.4 in.)
1863 mm
(73.3 in.)
1963 mm
(77.3 in.)
1488 mm
(58.6 in.)
1588 mm
(62.5 in.)
1688 mm
(66.5 in.)
1788 mm
(70.4 in.)
1888 mm
(74.3 in.)
1988 mm
(78.3 in.)
27/9.5-15 INT** 1620 mm
(63.8 in.)
1720 mm
(67.7 in.)
1820 mm
(71.7 in.)
1920 mm
(75.6 in.)
2020 mm
(79.5 in.)
*Tread position 1 is with axle adjustment at its most inward location. See adjust front-axle tread width in this section.
**Interference. Do not use.


Adjustable front-axle tread settings
Diagram D
centerline to centerline

Tread position*

Tire 1 2 3 4 5 6
1583 mm
(62.3 in.)
1683 mm
(66.3 in.)
1783 mm
(70.2 in.)
1883 mm
(74.1 in.)
1983 mm
(78.1 in.)
2083 mm
(82.0 in.)
1571 mm
(61.9 in.)
1671 mm
(65.8 in.)
1771 mm
(69.7 in.)
1871 mm
(73.7 in.)
1971 mm
(77.6 in.)
2071 mm
(81.5 in.)
27/9.5-15 1539 mm
(60.6 in.)
1639 mm
(64.5 in.)
1739 mm
(68.5 in.)
1839 mm
(72.4 in.)
1939 mm
(76.3 in.)
2039 mm
(80.3 in.)
*Number 1 position is with axle adjustment at its most inward location. See adjust front-axle tread width in this section.

Tread settings with multi-position rear wheels

The wheel tread can be adjusted with multi-position wheels by repositioning or exchanging the rims or by reversing the wheel disks.

The width can also be adjusted by exchanging the complete wheel to the opposite side of the tractor. This maneuver permits the change from disk-dished-in to disk-dished-out operations without disassembling the wheel.

Tread settings with two-position rear wheels

The wheel tread can be adjusted by exchanging the wheels from side to side and by using spacers.

Two-position rear wheels—Tread width (centerline to centerline)
No Spacer 30-mm spacer 44-mm spacer 111-mm spacer
Tire A B C D C D C D

22.5LL-16.1 6PR Turf Special


1658 mm (65.3 in.)


1718 mm (67.6 in.)


1746 mm (68.7 in.)

1495 mm (58.9 in.)

1880 mm (74.0 in.)

*INT = Interference. Do not use.

NOTE: Two-position rear wheels are not compatible with R213907 95-lb rear-wheel weight.

Finding the right tires

What may seem like an easy job, finding the right tire for the application, can have many components. There are many decisions to make when selecting a tire. A few of them include tire size, tread type, load rating needed, radial or bias, and tube or tubeless—all of which can have an impact on the tractor’s performance in the application.

Selecting the right tire begins with understanding basic tire information. Read on to learn more about information to consider when selecting tractor tires.

Tires and wheels
  1. Tire
  2. Wheel/rim

People often use the words tires and wheels interchangeably, but technically that is not correct. A tire is not a wheel.

A wheel, wheel assembly, or rim refers to the metal portion. In the image above, the yellow portion is the wheel or rim. Wheels and rims can be steel or cast. Cast rims are heavier than steel rims and typically can handle a higher load rating.

The tire refers to the rubber part. In the image above, the tire is the black part.

Tire sizes
  1. Rim diameter
  2. Tire section width.

Tires sizes are typically given in either standard sizes or metric sizes, depending on the manufacturer.

Standard size
U.S. designations (sometimes called standard) measure in inches and typically feature a star load-rating system.

The star designation was related to a standard maximum tire pressure. For example, one star meant a maximum of 18 psi (1.2 bar), regardless of tire size; two stars meant a maximum of 24 psi (1.6 bar); and three stars meant a maximum of 30 psi (2 bar).

Load ratings vary based on tire size. This means a small tire and a large tire could both have a three-star destination, but different load ratings.

Standard size example
18.4R30 ***

18.4 = tire section width (inches) (Number two in the figure)
R = radial construction
30 = rim diameter (inches) (Number one in the figure)
*** = 3 star = symbol

Metric size
The metric designations provide measurements in millimeters and use a load index expressed as a three-digit number. This system has a value-based rating of load-carrying capacity, called the load index (LI).

LI relates to the maximum load-carrying capacity of the tire. The metric tire-rating system allows manufacturers to design tires that better meet specification requirements for diameter-to-width and rolling circumference dimensions, which are critical for mechanical front-wheel drive (MFWD) tires.

Metric size example
480/80R30 145 A8 R1W
480 = tire section width (mm)
80 = aspect ratio (percentage)
R = radial construction
30 = rim diameter (inches)
145 = load index
A8 = speed symbol
R1W = tread designation

In recent years, many agricultural tire manufacturers have moved from the U.S. designation (in.) to a metric designation (mm). The metric designation conveys more information and allows tires to be compared by load index.

Conversion between standard and metric tire sizes

Metric to standard conversion:
Divide the metric number (mm) by 25.4 to get inches.

Example: 480-mm section width/25.4 = 18.9-in. section width.

Standard to metric conversion:
Multiply the standard number (inches) by 25.4 to get millimeters.

Example: (18.4-in section width) x (25.4) = 467-mm section width.

Aspect ratio—This number provides the section height of the tire relative to the tire width. The number is related in a percentage. So a 480/80 has an 80 percent aspect ratio. This means the tire’s sidewall is about 80 percent tall as it is wide.

Aspect ratio = (tire section height/tire section width) x 100.

Speed symbol—This is the maximum speed allowed for the rated load of the tire.

International speed symbols


Speed symbol

Speed category (km/h)

Speed category (mph)












































Tread designation

Tread designation—The tread designation describes the tread and indicates the tire use. Utility tractors typically have R1, R1W, R3, or R4 tread designations.

R1 is the most common tread type used in agriculture throughout the United States and Canada. Sometimes called bar tread, R1 provides good traction for dry-land farming.

R1W offers a deeper tread than a R1 tire. At the center, the tread depth is typically 25% percent deeper than a standard R1. The deeper treads of the R1W are popular in wet soils. Many European utility tractors use R1W tires.

R2 has the deepest tread depth. R2 is used for farming extremely wet and difficult conditions. The tread is approximately twice as deep as the R1 tires. R2 tires are rarely used on utility tractors.

R3 offers a less aggressive tread pattern for turf applications. The turf tread pattern reduces potential ground damage, but sacrifices traction. R3 tires are normally wide tires that provide a larger footprint for less compaction. These tires are ideal for turf applications, like mowing parks or harvesting sod. Typically, the tread depth is about half of the tread depth on an R1 tire.

R4, or industrial tread, tires have a tread depth of about 70 percent of an R1 tire. They offer more traction than an R3 tire, but less than an R1 tire.

F2 front-tire treads complement the R1 or R1W rear tires. F2 has a multiple rib steer tire tread and is used in general farming conditions. They are normally found on two-wheel drive (2WD) tractors.

F3 front-tire industrial multiple rib steer tires work well with R4 rear tires. They are normally found on 2WD tractors.

I3 bar-type tread tires look like a small version of the larger drive tires.

Load ratings

Load ratings communicate the maximum load that can be carried by that component. It is important to note there are axle, wheel, and tire load ratings.

The overall load rating of a tractor is determined by the axle, wheel, and tire load ratings. Of those components, the lowest load rating is the restriction. The load rating of the John Deere wheel is at least as high as the load rating of the tire with which it is paired.

In most cases, the tire is the limiting factor regarding load restrictions. This means the tire load index is the most important load rating to know. Refer to the international tire load index numbers chart for information about how the load index relates to pound-carrying capacity.

Radial vs. bias construction

Agriculture tires are offered in either bias or radial construction. The tire size relates this information.  Bias construction by using a “-“. For example a 16.9-30 would be a bias constructed tire. Radial tires have an “R” in the tire size. For example 18.4R30 have radial construction.

Bias tires are preferred for utility tractors that do not perform major tillage operations and do not spend much time on the road and/or are operated for a low amount of hours per year. Bias tires are typically less expensive than radial tires.

Radial tires have a larger footprint than a comparable-size bias tire. This gives radial tires more traction than bias, making them the preferred tire for wet, muddy field conditions or tillage operations. Radial tires have a different type of construction than bias tires. The heavier construction of a radial makes them better suited for operating on pavement.

Tubed vs. tubeless tires

Tires can be either tube or tubeless. Tubeless tires are tires without internal tubes. Tubeless tires typically last longer and are easier to repair than tube tires. Tubed tires are a little more difficult to repair. A punctured tubed tire requires disassembling the wheel and tire to repair the tube.

Tubed tires are normally desired for tires requiring liquid ballast. Placing the liquid ballast inside the tube saves the tire rim from any contact with the liquid ballast.

Ultimately, the selection of tubed tires vs. tubeless tires depends on the application and operator preference.

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